Metal oxide semiconductors based on In, Ga, Zn, and Sn are poised to replace amorphous silicon (a-Si) and low-temperature polysilicon (LTPS) for high-performance thin-film transistors (TFTs), which are ubiquitous in flat panel displays. It has been widely reported in literature that – unlike silicon MOSFETs – metal oxide semiconductor TFTs actually exhibit higher mobility when used with high-κ gate dielectrics (ZrO2, HfO2, etc.). Very few studies have investigated the underlying cause of this phenomenon, and it remains poorly understood.
In this seed project, Swisher will explore the origin of this enhanced mobility for metal oxide thin films derived from colloidal nanocrystal inks. She fabricates solution-processed metal oxide (In2o3, ZnO, and IZO) TFTs using various gate dielectrics: thermally-grown SiO2, ALD HfO2, and ALD ZrO2 (κ = 3.9, 16, and 26, respectively). In addition to varying the gate dielectric material, experiments will be designed to vary the TFT gate stack to independently examine the dielectric constant (κ), the total gate capacitance (Cox), and the semiconductor-dielectric interface. The electrical performance of the TFTs (mobility, subthreshold swing, turn-on voltage, and hysteresis) will be characterized in conjunction with film morphology and density of trap states. With a better understanding of the materials interactions that enhance electron transport, the semiconductor-gate dielectric interface can be engineered to take full advantage of metal oxide semiconductors for high-performance flexible electronics.
435 Amundson Hall, 421 Washington Ave. SE, Minneapolis, MN, 55455
P: 612-626-0713 | F: 612-626-7805